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Babylonian Gods and Goddesses

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For information on the relationship between Sumerian and Babylonian deities, see Chris Siren's FAQ.

[Additional Source: Who's Who in Non-Classical Mythology, by Egerton Sykes. Oxford University Press. 1993.]

  • Anshar
    The Babylonian god Anshar is the son of Tiamat and Apsu, brother and husband of Kishar.
  • Anu (An)
    The son of Anshar and Kishar. He is the chief god of the Great Triad, with Ea and Enlil. In Sumerian mythology, he was the god of sky, husband of Nintu (Ki), and the father and ruler of all gods. One of four Sumerian creating gods.
  • Apsu
    The Babylonian god Apsu is Tiamat's husband, the ruler of gods and underworld oceans. Father of Lahmu, Lahamu, Anshar and Kishar. Ea killed him.
  • Damkina
    Damkina is the Babylonian earth mother goddess, the wife of Ea and mother of Marduk.
  • Ea
    The Babylonian god Ea is the son of Anu and husband of Damkina, father of Marduk, god of wisdom, arts and crafts. Ea is the ruler of all gods after Apsu. In the Great Triad, Ea is the third with Anu and Enlil. In the Sumerian pantheon, Ea is the son of Nintu.
  • Enlil
    Enlil is the Babylonian god of the air between earth and sky. In Sumerian mythology he was the son of An and Nintu, the god of air and agriculture, and eventually co-ruler of the gods along with Anu. One of four Sumerian creating gods.
  • Ishtar (Inanna)
    Inanna is a great goddess, the goddess of love and war. She descended to the Underworld to try to regain her lover.
  • Kingu (Qingu)
    Kingu is a dragon commander of Tiamat's forces against Marduk. Kingu is the counterpart of the sky god Anu on the side of darkness. He may have been Tiamat's second husband. Ea fashioned humans from his blood when Kingu was ordered to be sacrificed.
  • Kishar
    The Babylonian goddess Kishar is the daughter of Tiamat and Apsu, sister and wife of Anshar.
  • Marduk
    Glossary entry with small picture of Marduk.
  • Mummu (Mommu)
    The Babylonian god Mummu is the son of Tiamat and Anu or their chamberlain/intermediary. He is the god of mist and a craftsman god.

    In one of the Babylonian creation stories, the original beings were Apsu, Mommu, and Tiamat. From them came the demons and the gods. The gods were Lakhmu, Lakhame, Ashar, Kishar, Anu, Ea, and others. Tiamat became a power of evil and Ea and followers, a power of good. This is the version on Ashurbaipal's library's Creation from about 650 B.C. There are other versions from Berosus (280 B.C.) and Damiscius (6th century A.D.)

  • Nintu (Ki)
    A great Sumerian goddess, wife of Anu and mother of all gods, she created humans from clay. One of four Sumerian creating gods. Nintu is a goddess of childbirth (Lady of Birth).
    "A Note on the Lady of Birth"
    H. Frankfort
    Journal of Near Eastern Studies Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul., 1944), pp. 198-200
  • Shamash
    Son of Sin, god of the sun who protects the poor and travelers.
  • Sin
    Moon god and the father of Shamash; counterpart of the Sumerian Nanna.
  • Tiamat
    Tiamat is the Babylonian Great Goddess, counterpart of Sumerian Nintu. Primeval chaos. Destroyed by her children to create the world.

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