Who Is Janus?Janus is an ancient Roman, composite, obscure god who is associated with doorways, beginnings, and transitions. A usually two-faced god he looks to the future and the past. The concepts of January and janitor are both based on aspects of Janus.
There were other temples for Janus, one on his hill, the Janiculum, and another built, in 260 at the Forum Holitorium, by C. Duilius for a Punic War naval victory.
Janus in Art:
The Family of Janus:
History of Janus:
- "The Shrine of Janus Geminus in Rome"
American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 47, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1943), pp. 437-440
- "Problems about Janus"
The American Journal of Philology, Vol. 100, No. 1, Tekmhpion. A Special Issue in Honor of James Henry Oliver (Spring, 1979), pp. 188-212
- "Janus and the Fasti"
Lily Ross Taylor and Louise Adams Holland.
Classical Philology, Vol. 47, No. 3 (Jul., 1952), pp. 137-142
- "Watching the Skies: Janus, Auspication, and the Shrine in the Roman Forum"
Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome, Vol. 45, (2000), pp. 1-40
"The Salii and Campaigning in March and October"
J. P. V. D. Balsdon.
The Classical Review, New Series, Vol. 16, No. 2 (Jun., 1966), pp. 146-147
"The Salian Hymn to Janus"
Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, Vol. 31, (1900), pp. 182-188