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5th Century B.C. Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome Timeline

Fifth Century

  • Blue dots = Events in Ancient Roman Timeline
  • Red dots = Events in Ancient Greek Timeline

Bronze Age Greece
Dark Age Greece
Archaic Age Greece
c. 9th C. B.C. | c. 8th C. B.C. | 7th C. B.C. | 6th C. B.C.

In the table below, in the right column are links to pages on the Ancient / Classical History site related to the time periods listed on the left.

[Fifth century]
- to 400 B.C.

499 B.C.: Aristogoras' Ionian rebellion against Persians
498 B.C.: Athens at war with Aegina.
497 B.C.: Athenians attack Sardis.
495 B.C. Persians capture Miletus.
494 B.C.: Spartans under Cleomenes defeat Argives.
494 B.C.: First secessio plebis.
493 B.C.: Treaty between Spurius Cassius and the Latins.
490 B.C.: Battle of Marathon.

489 B.C.: Expedition of Miltiades to Paros. Death of Cleomenes.
487 B.C.: Ostracism of Hipparchus. Archins appointed by lot.
486 B.C.: Ostracism of Megacles. Pindar's 7th Pythian.
486 B.C.: lex agraria of Spurius Cassius.
485 B.C.: Death of Darius.
484 B.C.: Ostracism of Xanthippus.
482-474 B.C.: War with Veii
483 B.C.: New vein of silver discovered.
483-2 B.C.: Ostracism of Aristides.
482-474 B.C.: War with Veii.
480 B.C.: Athens recalls ostracized citizens. (August) Thermopylae. (September) Salamis. (October) Solar eclipse.

479 B.C.: Platea. Mycale.
479 B.C.: Carthaginians invade Sicily. Battle of the Cremera.
477 B.C.: Delian League founded.
474 B.C.: Hiero of Syracuse defeats the Etruscans near Cumae.
472-1 B.C.: Ostracism of Themistocles.
471 B.C. : Lex Publilia Voleronis grants official recognition to the concilium plebis and tribuni plebis.
470 B.C.: Pindar's 1st Pythian. Bacchylides' 4th Ode.

c. 469 B.C.: Number of tribunes raised to ten.
468 B.C.: Battle of the Eurymedon.
467-462 B.C.: Athens led by Cimon.
467 B.C.: Delian League defeats Persia at battle of Eurymedon River.
465 B.C.: Revolt of isle of Thasos against Delian League.
464 B.C.: Revolt of helots.
463 B.C.: Surrender of Thasos.
461 B.C.: Ostracism of Cimon.
460 B.C.: First Pelopponesian War. Thucydides born.

459 B.C.: Athens wins Megara.
c. 458 B.C.: L. Minucius and his army trapped by the Aequi at Mt. Algidus.
457 B.C.: Battle of Tanagra. Athenian conquest of Aegina.
456 B.C.: Lex Icilia de Aventino publicando provides land allotments for the plebs on the Aventine.
454 B.C.: Delian League treasury transferred from Delos to Athens.
452 B.C.: Thirty Years' peace between Argos and Lacedaemon.Five year's truce between Athenians and Peloponnesians.
451 B.C.: Pericles' citizenship law.
451-450 B.C.: Period of the decemviri.
450 B.C.: Twelve Tables

449 B.C.: Secessio plebis.
448 B.C.: Pericles acropolis building project. Peace with Persia.
447 B.C.: Athens loses Megara.
447 B.C: Quaestors elected by the people for the first time.
446 B.C.: Thirty Years' Peace between Athens and Sparta.
445 B.C.: Lex Canuleia allows patrician-plebeian intermarriage.
444 B.C.: Treaty between Rome and Ardea.
443 B.C.: Establishment of the censorship.
442 B.C.: Ostracism of Thucydides, son of Melesias.
440 B.C.: Revolt of Samos.

439 B.C.: L. Minucius appointed to oversee Rome's grain supply in a time of famine.
438 B.C.: Chryselephantine Athena set up in the Parthenon.
435 B.C.: Sea victory of Corcyra over Corinth.
433 B.C.: Revolt of Potidaea.
433 B.C.: Establishment of Temple of Apollo.
432-1 B.C.: Corinth and Corcyra begin fighting. Peloponnesian War begins.
Battle of Potidaea.
431 B.C.: Romans defeat the Aequi at Mt. Algidus.

429 B.C.: Pericles dies 425 B.C.: Cleon leads Athens.
428-425 B.C.: Rome takes Fidenae away from Veii.
425 B.C.: Herodotus writes his History.
424 B.C.: Battle of Amphipolis
422 B.C.: Second Battle of Amphipolis
421 B.C.: Peace of Nicias.
421 B.C.: Quaestors increased to four and opened up to plebeians.
421-0 B.C.: Defensive alliance between Athens and Sparta.

419 B.C.: Alliance between Athens and Argos.
418 B.C.: Battle of Mantinea. Argos allies with Sparta. Eleusinian decree.
417 B.C.: Ostracism of Hyperbolus.
415 B.C.: Alcibiades. Mutilation of the Hermae. Athenian expedition to Sicily.
413 B.C.: Spartan disaster in Sicily.
412 B.C.: Revolt of Athenian allies.
411 B.C.: Battle of Syme. Revolt of Rhodes. Revolt of Abydus and Lampsacus. Revolt of Euboea. Four Hundred overthrown. Evagoras becomes king of Salamis.
410 B.C.: Battle of Cyzicus. Democracy restored in Athens. Athens recovers Thasos.

409 B.C.: Athens recovers Colophon, but loses Pylos and Nisaea. Carthage invades Sicily.
408 B.C.: Athens recovers Chalcedon.
407 B.C.: Battle of Mytilene.
406 B.C.:Battle of Arginusae. Siege of Acragus.
405 B.C.: Athenian fleet defeated at Aegospotami. Dionysus tyrant of Syracuse makes peace with Carthage.
404 B.C.: Athens surrenders. Blockade of Athens. Rule of the Thirty. Thrasybulus seizes Phyle.
403 B.C.: Expedition of the Thirty against Thrasybulus.
400 B.C.: Celts drive out Etruscans.

Pericles and Aspasia
Pericles. From ArtToday


Pindar. From ArtToday

Pericles
Pericles. From N.S. Gill

Anaxagoras
Empedocles
Oedipus
Aeschylus
Aspasia of Miletus
Bacchylides
Cincinnatus
Classical Age of Greece
Cleomenes
Coriolanus
Empedocles
Euripides
Greek Eroticism
Greek Historians
Herodotus
Hippocrates
Leucippus of Miletus
Medea
Miletus
Parmenides
Peloponnesian War Timeline
Pericles (Perikles)
Persian Wars Timeline
Persian Wars
Presocratics
Protagoras
Pythagoras
Sophocles
Sparta II

Theognis
Xenophanes
Zeno

Zeno of Elea
9th-6th Centuries | 5th-4th Centuries
Greek Writers Timeline
Historians Timeline
Philosophers Timeline
Timelines Index
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