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Women - Ancient Queens - Warriors - Mothers - Poets - Courtesans

Famous ancient women. Ancient women famous as queens, warriors, courtesans, poets, mothers, and more.
  1. A-Z
  2. Agrippina the Elder (3)
  3. Agrippina the Younger (2)
  4. Amazons (6)
  5. Arsinoe II (3)
  6. Artemisia (7)
  7. Boudicca (4)
  8. Cassandra
  9. Cleopatra
  10. Clodia (5)
  11. Cornelia (4)
  12. Egeria (3)
  13. Galla Placidia (3)
  14. Greek Women
  15. Hatshepsut (11)
  16. Helen of Troy
  17. Helena (4)
  18. Hypatia (5)
  19. Julia Domna (5)
  20. Julia Maesa (4)
  21. Livia Drusilla (2)
  22. Nefertiti (5)
  23. Nitocris (4)
  24. Penelope
  25. Penelope
  26. Praxilla
  27. Sappho
  28. Severan Julias (2)
  29. Tomyris (4)
  30. Veturia (2)
  31. Women of the Bible (23)
  32. Zenobia (5)

Who Were the 2 Women Who Led Armies Against Each Other?
A passage from Diodorus explaining the most unusual situation that two women led military forces against each other in the aftermath of the death of Alexander the Great.

Ancient Women
This is a picture gallery of ancient women. Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Briseis
Glossary entry on Briseis.

Circe
Circe is a sorceress best known in Greek mythology for her hosting of Odysseus in the Odyssey.

Clytemnestra
Clytemnestra is a figgure from Greek mythology and literature who was sister to Helen of Troy. Clytemnestra was married to the Greek King Agamemnon. In some versions of the story, she murdered him and then was murdered by her own son Orestes.

Cynisca of Sparta
Cynisca, whose name comes from the Greek for dog, was the daughter of a Spartan king and became the first female Olympic victor.

Did Mary, Mother of Jesus, Really Exist?
A look at the question of whether Mary, the Mother of Jesus, really existed.

Enheduanna
Information on Enheduanna, the world's first writer, who was the daughter of Sargon.

Fausta
Fausta was the wife, daughter, sister, and mother of Roman emperors.

Giving Voice to Dinah
Dinah, one of the women of the Bible, has been given a new voice during the past 14 years.

Gorgo of Sparta
Gorgo was the daughter of one king and wife of the next Agiad king of Sparta and was renowned for wisdom.

Julia Flavia
Julia Flavia may be the last of the Flavians. Read more about why she has a place in history and Roman literature.

Medea
Medea is the witch of Colchis known for killing the children she and her husband Jason produced.

Most Beautiful Women
Myth, history, and legend provide evidence of ancient women who were considered beautiful, but for most of them, we have no reliable portraits. Beauty is an aesthetic consideration. When judging the beauty of a woman, it's tempting to think in terms of the whole person, but that's not this top beauties list. This one is strictly for physical attractiveness. Here are the women I consider the most …

Niobe
In Greek mythology, Niobe was the proud and fertile daughter of Tantalus who lost all her children as a result of her boast to the mother of Apollo and Artemis, Leto (Latona).

Olympias
Olympias was the daughter of Neoptolemus, king of Epirus, a wife of Philip II of Macedon, and the mother of Alexander the Great

Poppaea Sabina
Poppaea Sabina was the mistress of one emperor and the wife of another.

Pulcheria
Pulcheria was an important woman in the dynasty of the Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius.

Strong Women in the Bible FAQs
Contributing Writer Cynthia Astle answers FAQs to show that there were strong women in the Bible who stood out all the more because they surmounted or circumvented the patriarchy in which they lived.

Telesilla
Telesilla was a fifth century B.C. Greek poet.

The Story of Chiomara
The story of Chiomara, the famous Galatian woman who got the best of her rapist.

Trying Neaira Review
Review of Debra Hamel's "Trying Neaira - The True Story of a Courtesan's Scandalous Life in Ancient Greece."

The Book of Ruth Features a Loyal Heroine
Highlights of the Book of Ruth.

Virtuous Roman Women
The following ancient Roman women have been considered the embodiment of Roman virtue and as women to be emulated.

Julia Mamaea - From Women's History at About.com
Julia Mamaea was one of the four Severan Julias or Roman Julias; niece of Julia Domna, daughter of Julia Maesa and sister of Julia Soaemias; mother of Roman emperor Alexander Severus.

Martha and Mary
Martha and Mary represent two of the earliest women Christian leaders.

Julia Soaemias - From Women's History at About.com
Julia Soaemias was one of the four Severan Julias or Roman Julias; niece of Julia Domna, daughter of Julia Maesa and sister of Julia Mamaea; mother of Roman emperor Elagabalus.

Wedding
Diotima's bibliography for weddings. See also marriage and divorce.

Women in Herodotus (PDF)
Women in Herodotus who are named, but don't act, women who act in the public sphere (including Tomyris), groups of women in ethnographic accounts, women who act in a family context, priestesses, and founders of religious cults.

Diotima: Essays
Peer reviewed site listing dozens of essays on women, status, legends, etc. Some on homosexuality and pederasty. Covers Greece, Rome, Egypt, and late antiquity.

Andromeda
Andromeda was rescued by Perseus, married him, produced numerous children and was transformed into a constellation.

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