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What Were the Regions of Ancient Asia Minor?


Asia Minor under the Greeks and Romans

Asia Minor under the Greeks and Romans

Public Domain. From the Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923. Growth of Roman Power in Asia Minor

Asia Minor - Growth of Roman Power

From The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923.

Greece and Asia Minor were joined by ties of blood and culture. The influence went both ways.

  • In Greek legends, it was a very wealthy Phrygian, Pelops son of Tantalus, who went west from Asia Minor to Mycenae, and gave his name to the area of Greece known as the Peloponnese.

  • Dorian Greeks from the Peloponnese, as well as Aeolians, (considered descendants of the mythical Aeolus) and Ionians from elsewhere in Greece, went East to the western coast of Asia Minor to set up colonies.

  • Greeks went to Asia Minor to fight the Trojan War.

  • When Rome became the dominant Mediterranean power, it, too, fought battles in Asia Minor. [See, especially, Mithridates and the Mithridatic Wars.]

These ties between Greece or Rome and Asia Minor, make familiarity with the regions of Asia Minor important for understanding Classical history.

The regions of ancient Asia Minor were:

Main source: Ancient regions of Asia Minor

Information on select individual regions of Asia Minor.


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