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Arian Controversy

The history of the Arian Controversy: "Is the Son created and subordinate to the Father?" and the Nicene Council convened to deal with it.

The Nicene Creed
The Nicene Creed is the statement of faith that reflects the beliefs of Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, and Eastern Orthodoxy.

The Arian Controversy
The history of the Arian Controversy and the Nicene Council convened to deal with it.

St. Ambrose
Saint Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, opposed the Arian heresy, was active in the imperial courts at around the time of Theodosius, and was influential in St. Augustine's conversion to Christianity.

Nicene Creed
The prayer that is used by all Christian churches which expresses the common faith and beliefs about Jesus and his relationship to the Father and Holy Ghost.

Map of the Development of Christianity
Map of the Development of Christianity section e-f/L-M shows Nicaea.

Constantine
Constantine I, Emperor of Rome, convened the First Council of Nicaea to deal with the Arian Controversy.

A Chronology of the Arian Controversy
Arius ordained Presbyter; Eusebius and Alexander become bishops; Arius accuses Alexander of heresy; Alexander condemns Arius; Eusebius supports Arius and turns the Egyptian matter into an international controversy.

Ecole Glossary - Arianism
Arius believed Christ was created, with a beginning, and was subordinate to the Father.

Eusebius of Caesarea
Eusebius' Life of Constantine.

Four Discourses Against the Arians
By St. Athanasius who says Arius is like the serpent who counselled Eve. Also see his History of the Arians.

Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers
Athanasius' writings and a chronology of his life.

The Third Century Historian Eusebius of Caesarea
Eusebius was a bishop involved in the Arian controversy of the 4th century.

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