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Rome - The City

The ancient city of Rome, its layout and hills.
  1. Forum (5)

Aurelian Walls
Emperor Aurelian envisioned the walls named for him as a fortification against invaders.

The Eternal City of Rome
Rome started as a small community centered on 7 hills by the Tiber River. Rome is the name of a city and the name of the great ancient power that spread as an empire through western Europe, into the Middle East and northern Africa.

Campus Martius
Basic information about the Campus Martius, which was originally just beyond the city boundary of Rome where it could contain activities and buildings not deemed fitting for within the city limits.

Importance of the Campus Martius
The Campus Martius was an important adjunct to Rome before it became an important part of the city proper. Read about why it was important.

Rome
Rome is the capital city of Italy and in ancient times, of the Roman Empire.

Pomoerium
The pomoerium was originally an area circling the inhabited area of the city of Rome.

7 Hills of Rome
Monuments of the seven hills of Ancient Rome.

Porta Capena
Basic information on the Porta Capena, located at the start of the Appian Road.

Roman Architecture and Monuments
Articles on Rome's buildings, monuments, and Roman architecture.

The Founding of Rome
Rome was founded, according to the most common founding legend, by Romulus, the eponymus son of Mars and Rhea Silvia, a Vestal Virgin.

Colosseum
The Colosseum is also known as the Flavian Amphitheater. The Colosseum is a large sports arena.

Buildings and Related Activities in the Ancient Campus Martius
Read about some of the major architecture and activities in the ancient area originally adjacent to Rome that is known as the Campus Martius or Field of Mars.

Cloaca Maxima
The cloaca maxima was the sewer system built in the sixth or seventh century B.C., by one of the kings of Rome -- probably Tarquinius Priscus, although Livy attributes it to Tarquin the Proud -- to drain the marshes in the valleys between the hills into the Tiber River.

Tiber River
The Tiber River is the main river of Rome.

Curia - The House of the Roman Senate
The curia was part of the political center of Roman life, the Roman forum's comitium, which was at the time a rectangular space mostly aligned with the cardinal points, with the curia to the north.

In the Steps of Julius Caesar - Campus Martius
Photo of a reconstruction of the Campus Martius in Rome.

Names for Rome
What do you call Rome?

Names or Synonyms for Rome
Here are some of the names and synonyms for Rome.

Scalae Gemoniae
The Scalae Gemoniae are the Gemonian Stairs.

Insula
Many people in ancient Rome lived in an insula.

From Flavian Amphitheater to Colosseum
The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheater was erected by the Flavian emperors in Rome.

Lacus Curtius
The Lacus Curtius is located in the Roman Forum and is named for a Sabine named Curtius.

Servian Wall
The Servian Wall that surrounded the city of Rome was supposedly built by the Roman king Servius Tullius in the 6th century B.C.

Saepta - ovile
Saepta was the voting precinct in the campus Martius.

Comitia Curiata
The Comitia Curiata is the name of the earliest Roman assembly that was based on kinship units known as curiae. Although started in the legendary period, it endured until the end of the Roman Republic.

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