Xavier Jordana, of Spain's Universitat Auto'noma de Barcelona, led a 2-year study of the Pazyryk burial mounds that examined the causes of death of 10 individuals, as reported in archaeologydaily.com/news/index.php?/Think-your-life-is-bad-Archaeologists-show-us-worse.html (Archaeology Daily). Jordana says half the sample died violently, either in battle or as sacrificial victims, and there seems to have been an effort at scalping.
For information on the art and excavations in this area of permafrost, see:
- Early Cultures of the Lands of the Scythians, by Boris Piotrovsky The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin © 1973 The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- The Chinese Mirror from Pazyryk, by John F. Haskins Archives of the Chinese Art Society of America © 1964.
- State Hermitage Museum : Southern Siberia/Pazyryk