The name "herm" is related to Hermes, an ancient god associated with boundaries and fertility. Hermes is the god represented in the stone herms. Goldman thinks herms were originally carved for Dionysus from wood. Stone was easier to sculpt into the rectangular form. Herms were in use from the 6th century B.C. Goldman says Herodotus says the Athenians, who got the herm from the Pelasgians, spread use of it to the rest of Greece.
- "herm" The Oxford Dictionary of Art. Ed. Ian Chilvers. Oxford University Press, 2004.
- "The Origin of the Greek Herm"
American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1942), pp. 58-68