The caste system refers to the system of stratification of Hinduism. Although its origins are not known and are complicated by the Aryan controversy
, it is commonly thought to come from the Hindu scriptures where there are 4 "varnas" or caste clusters. The 4 caste clusters do not include the so-called untouchables. The top three varnas were Aryans. The four varnas are:
- Brahmins (priests, teachers),
- Kshatriyas (kings, warriors),
- Vaishyas (merchants, artisans), and
- Shudras (laborers, peasants).
There is a color connected with the four varnas that may or may not correspond with skin color. The highest caste is white and the lowest black.
Source: The Caste System in Hinduism
Hinduism - Social Organization
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