of Cyrus II 529 BC
A map of the Persian Empire, from Frank Smitha's site. the map shows the Persian Empire extending from the Aegean Sea to the Aral and South past Jerusalem.
Interactive Map of
Requires shockwave, but there's an alternative gif image. You can zoom in and out on the topographical map.
Large JPEG file showing the extent of the Persian Empire and includes cities. B.C.
of Parthia at Its Greatest Extent
Another map showing the extent of the empire of Parthia. This one shows mountain areas and rivers but lacks labels for these.
of Middle East
Maps of Assyrian Empire (746 - 609 B.C.), Babylonian Empire (609 - 539 B.C.), Persian Empire (550 - 330 B.C.), and Macedonian Empire (During the reign of Alexander the Great (III) 336 - 323 B.C.).
Also see: Major People in Ancient History