Ur is near the modern Iraqi city of An Nasiriya. Archaeologists investigate Ur at Tell al-Muqayyar where, in 1854, acting for the British Museum, John George Taylor started examining the city's ancient Ziggurat. Lying under the corners were cylinder seals whose cuneiform writing enabled Henry C. Rawlinson (Assyrian scholar) to determine the city was Ur.
The Royal Cemetery at Ur contains fabulous remains of a royal burial, RT/800. A queen, identified by cylinder seals as Queen Pu-abi (or variations), accompanied by sacrificed attendants and artifacts of gold, marble, and lapis lazuli (the latter two of which required distant trade) attest to her wealth and power. She would have ruled prior to the first dynasty and is estimate to have lived c. 2600 B.C.
- James A. Armstrong "Ur" The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. Brian M. Fagan, ed., Oxford University Press 1996. Oxford University Press.
- British Museum Biographical Details on J.G. Taylor (He is often referred to as J.E. Taylor.)