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Major Countries of the Ancient Near East

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Ancient Assyria
Transport of Lebanese Cedar - King Sargon II palace bas relief c. 716-713 B.C.

Sumer | Babylonia | Assyria | Judah (Judaea) | Persia | Lebanon | Egypt | Syria | Anatolia | Fertile Crescent Map

Ancient Assyria was a kingdom located in what is now northeastern Iraq. The earliest inscription naming a ruler of Assur -- the settlement after which the kingdom took its name -- was Shalim-ahum, in about 1900 B.C. Assyria is known for its military conquests in the area of southwestern Asia. King Ashurbanipal (669-627 B.C.) collected a large library of Mesopotamian literature at Nineveh. Archaeologists excavated this baked-clay treasure trove in the 19th C. A.D.

Source: John A. Brinkman "Assyria" The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible. Ed. Bruce M. Metzger and Michael D. Coogan. Oxford University Press, 2001.

Next:

  1. Sumer
  2. Babylonia
  3. Assyria (this page)
  4. Judah (Judaea)
  5. Persia
  6. Lebanon
  7. Egypt
  8. Syria
  9. Anatolia
  10. Fertile Crescent Map

Photo: Transport of Lebanese Cedar - King Sargon II palace bas relief c. 716-713 B.C. H. 2.41 m (7 ft. 10 ¾ in.), W. 38 cm (14 ¾ in.) Excavations of Paul-Émile Botta, 1843–1844.
Marie-Lan Nguyen/Wikimedia Commons.

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