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Latin Days of the Week

Names of the days of the week in ancient Rome

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fasti

Fasti

Courtesy of Wikipedia.

Although the official calendars of the ancient Roman Republic don't show the days of the week, by the early imperial period, Romans used 7 gods' names for the days of the week, in practice. The Latin term for the days of the week is diēs hebdomadis. This is related to the Greek word for 7, hepta. The 7 gods named are Saturn, Sol, Luna (Moon), Mars, Mercury, Jove (Jupiter), and Venus. Notice that the gods' names are in the Genitive Singular case.

  • dies Solis
  • dies Lunae
  • dies Martis
  • dies Mercurii
  • dies Iovis
  • dies Veneris
  • dies Saturni

Below is a table showing the Latin name for the day of the week followed by the name in French, Spanish, and Italian, and following the convention in Italy, etc., of naming Monday first. You'll notice that the name for Sunday is not connected with the Sun god, but is related to the word for Lord, and Saturn's day refers to a sabbath in the Romance language names for the days of the week, although English uses the Roman god's name.

Latin French Spanish ItalianEnglish
dies lunae
dies Martis
dies Mercurii
dies Iovis
dies Veneris
dies Saturni
dies solis
Lundi
Mardi
Mercredi
Jeudi
Vendredi
Samedi
Dimanche
lunes
martes
miércoles
jueves
viernes
sábado
domingo
lunedì
martedì
mercoledì
giovedì
venerdì
sabato
domenica
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

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