1. Education
Mummy and Sarcophagus

Sarcophagus and Mummy

Patrick Landmann/Cairo Museum/Getty Images

Sarcophagus refers to the carved, generally stone case in which the linen-wrapped mummy was placed. The gilded sarcophagus of King Tut with painted face depicting the boy king is probably the best known of the Egyptian sarcophagi.

Sarcophagus can be used to refer to a coffin -- especially one of stone.

The plural of sarcophagus is usually sarcophagi, although it is sometimes written as sarcophaguses. Sarcophagus comes from the Greek for flesh-eater.

Featured Thursday's Term to Learn.

Go to Other Ancient / Classical History Glossary pages beginning with the letter

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | wxyz
Pronunciation: särkof'ugus• (n)
Also Known As: Mummy Case

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.